general alex schottland
Captain Reinisch, a Gestapo agent and Schottland's suspicious aide, discovers that Schottland has changed his original name and is of British ancestry. Times [London, England] 7 July 1965: 12. " Schmidt subsequently became a double agent against the Germans as part of the Double Cross System of double agents operated by MI5. Schottland, as a customer at the antique shop, is summoned to headquarters for questioning. The cages varied in facilities. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. The appointment made Scotland influential with British, German and Khoikhoi forces, and he became involved in cease-fire talks with the Khoikhoi leader Johannes Christian. , In the spring of 1918, Scotland made three secret trips behind German lines in Beverlo, a town in Flanders where porous security allowed transit into German-occupied Belgium. There Schottland is forced to watch as Gestapo officer Müller tortures Cornaz in a scene in which a fire hose is used to force water into Cornaz's bowels. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 23 mai 2020 à 21:52. , After the First World War, Scotland returned to South-West Africa and then obtained what he describes in The London Cage as a "roving job with a famous commercial enterprise. . I have never discovered the official reason for this intriguing ban. Security was provided by soldiers from the Guards regiments selected "for their height rather than their brains". Jameson, premier of the Cape Colony. He says in The London Cage that he was commissioned a major and was posted to France in March, but official records say he was commissioned as a second lieutenant in April. To determine the manpower needs of the German army, for instance, he ordered German noncommissioned officers at a prisoner of war cage to survey their men's health status and age. After the war, the PWIS became known as the War Crimes Investigation Unit (WCIU), and the London Cage became the headquarters for questioning suspected war criminals. Seul, son chef Cornaz, qui cache ses activités en exerçant la profession d’antiquaire, connaît la vérité. Il fait passer des informations sur la situation en Allemagne. 728 en parlent. Alexander Paterson Scotland OBE (1882–1965) was a British Army officer and intelligence officer.  According to Knoechlein, he was stripped, deprived of sleep, kicked by guards and starved. He said that he was compelled to walk in a tight circle for four hours. "At more than one stage in those fifty days of courtroom wrangling, a stranger to such peculiar affairs might have suspected that the arch-criminal of them all was a British Army intelligence officer known as Colonel Alexander Scotland.  He was posted to France and received a commission as second lieutenant in July 1916. During his last nights at the cage, Scotland states, Knoechlein "began shrieking in a half-crazed fashion, so that the guards at the London Cage were at a loss to know how to control him. When he finally confronts Schottland the next morning at Schottland's home, they fight, struggle for a dropped gun, and Schottland kills Reinisch. Prior to publication of The London Cage, MI5 pointed out that Scotland had detailed repeated breaches of the Geneva convention, and had admitted "that prisoners had been forced to kneel while being beaten about the head; forced to stand to attention for up to 26 hours; threatened with execution; or threatened with 'an unnecessary operation'." After complaining to Scotland, Knoechlein alleges that he was doused in cold water, pushed down stairs, and beaten. Publication of the book was delayed for years, and these details were excised. The Two-Headed Spy is a 1958 British spy thriller film directed by Andre DeToth and starring Jack Hawkins, Gia Scala, Erik Schumann and Alexander Knox.  The London Cage closed in 1948.  Following his return he launched an unsuccessful court case in the King's Bench Division of the High Court of Justice, attempting to recover the salary that had been withheld by his employer, South African Territories (Limited) whilst he was interned.. Scotland was born in England to Scottish parents from Perthshire. Scotland participated in the interrogation of Gen. Kurt Meyer, who was accused of participating in a massacre of Canadian troops. He claimed he was forced to stand beside a hot gas stove before being showered with cold water. Chef de réseau (The Two-Headed Spy) est un film britannique réalisé par André de Toth, sorti en 1958. Il fait passer des informations sur la situation en Allemagne. (Edinburgh) - Population : 5 194 000 habitants (soit un peu moins de 10 % de la population du Royaume-Uni).-Nature de l’État : Monarchie constitutionnelle. Titre original : The Two-Headed Spy; Titre français : Chef de réseau Vous pouvez partager vos connaissances en l’améliorant (comment ?) selon les conventions filmographiques. Having volunteered to contact a missing general to assist in the defence of Berlin, Schottland is driven along an autobahn. Dalton Trumbo, also blacklisted, was a story consultant. Un jour, Cornaz est démasqué, torturé par la Gestapo et meurt. Schottland returns to Berlin and, now unable to transmit vital news, decides to sabotage the German war effort by tricking Hitler into making strategic military blunders. Prisoners were sometimes forced to stand "round the clock", and "if a prisoner wanted to pee he had to do it there and then, in his clothes. 28 October 2016, Officer of the Order of the British Empire, "Recommendations for Honours and Awards (Army)—Image details—Scotland, Alexander Paterson", "The National Archives Catalogue, Piece Details KV 2/471", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Alexander_Scotland&oldid=982633729, Officers of the Order of the British Empire, Pages containing London Gazette template with parameter supp set to y, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2013, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 October 2020, at 10:50. Fiche technique. In 1915, Scotland sought to enter intelligence work in England. Cornaz is arrested after their courier to the British is intercepted. Alex Schottland, a Colonel in charge of supplies in the German Army, is actually a long-entrenched British agent who was planted in Germany toward the end of the First World War. In The London Cage, Scotland says that he used his fluent German and knowledge of the German Army to cajole information from German prisoners. Le général allemand Alex Schottland est en fait un agent britannique vivant en Allemagne depuis peu après la fin de la Première Guerre mondiale.  He was assigned to the British Expeditionary Force in France, where he was assigned to organize prisoner of war interrogation centers, and to instruct officers on treatment and interrogation of prisoners. Le général allemand Alex Schottland est en fait un agent britannique vivant en Allemagne depuis peu après la fin de la Première Guerre mondiale. Knoechlein was convicted and hanged in 1949..  In France he was assigned to interrogate German prisoners. Un jour, Cornaz est démasqué, torturé par la Gestapo et meurt. The story commences in 1939. Screenwriters Michael Wilson and Alfred Levitt were not given credit because of the blacklist. He then worked for an insurance company before returning to the grocery and provisions trade. Reinisch does not immediately act on what he has learned, however. Scotland describes these in his memoir as "fantastic allegations." One "cheeky and obstinate" prisoner, he said, was forced to strip naked and exercise. Scotland was noted for his work during and after World War II as commandant of the "London Cage", an MI19 prisoner of war facility that was subject to frequent allegations of torture. Lt. Col. Alexander Scotland OBE served as technical adviser to the film. , In his 1957 memoir The London Cage, Scotland wrote, "Perhaps because I had a variety of uncles, aunts and other relatives living abroad, my mind was focussed from an early age on the notion of a career overseas, and before I was twenty this compulsive travel urge was again asserting itself. Scotland does not mention the movie in The London Cage but says that false stories of his serving on the Nazi general staff circulated in the British press after his testimony at the 1947 trial in Italy of Field Marshal Albert Kesselring. He participated in the investigation of the SS and Gestapo men who murdered 41 escaped prisoners from Stalag Luft III in 1944, in the aftermath of what became known as the "Great Escape".  He wrote about this period in his 1957 book, The London Cage. , On 14 February 1946 he was awarded the US Bronze Star for his prisoner interrogation work, and enhancing US/UK cooperation. A "cage" for interrogation of prisoners was established in each command area, manned by officers trained by Scotland. ", Scotland's efforts to obtain publication of The London Cage were opposed by British intelligence officials, on the grounds of the Official Secrets Act. "One of the guards who had a somewhat humane feeling advised me not to make any more complaints, otherwise things would turn worse for me." Schottland wishes to pass on news of the attempt to break through Allied lines in the Battle of the Bulge, but Geyr no longer has means of communicating the information to the British. , In September 1940, Guy Liddell, director of MI5's counterintelligence B Division, said that he had been told by an officer present at the interrogation that Scotland had punched the jaw of a captured German agent at MI5's secret interrogation centre, Camp 020. He is growing weary of being a spy, but is urged to continue by his friend and fellow British agent, Cornaz, who is … , "Since these tortures were the consequences of my personal complaint, any further complaint would have been senseless," Knoechlein wrote.
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