west african crocodile aestivation
Published on July 13th 2019 by staff under Crocodiles. and Status and Conservation of West Africa Slender-Snouted Crocodile, The Critically Endangered West African slender-snouted crocodile (Mecistops cataphractus) is one of the rarest and least studied crocodilians in the world (Shirley, 2007). for this article. Mazzotti, Frank J. BLUM, MICHAEL J. The 21 individuals recorded represent one of the highest numbers recorded in single location in the whole of West Africa. West African crocodiles in Mauritania have adapted to their arid environment by staying in caves or burrows in a state of æstivation during the driest periods. View all Google Scholar citations  Herodotus also indicated that some Egyptians kept crocodiles as pampered pets. and Diurnal survey will help identify habitat threats and also plan nocturnal survey route. Though the project is at the early stage, it has made great stride by recording 21 individuals of Mecistops cataphractus in the Obuasi Municipality during six days survey which covered 8 km in the Jimi River and also made the first country record of M. cataphractus nest. Villanova, V. L. They are relatively small-sized crocodilians, with an average maximum weight of 6 to 40 kg (13 to 88 lb) depending on species, with the exception of the black caiman (Melanosuchus niger), which can grow more than 4 m (13 ft) in length and weigh up to 400 kg (880 lb). is one of the rarest … Cooke, Steven J. Sobek was depicted as a crocodile, as a mummified crocodile, or as a man with the head of a crocodile. Villanova, V. L. This will help improve fish production in the area which in turn improve the livelihood of locals while reducing instant killings of the species as result of fish pond invasion. We are training community volunteers on how to safely capture and relocate crocodile to their original habitat in case of residence or fish pond invasion.  In Europe, breeding pairs of West African crocodiles live in Copenhagen Zoo, Lyon Zoo and Vivarium de Lausanne, and offspring of the first pair are in Dublin Zoo and Kristiansand Zoo. Dental and circumstantial evidence supports the theory that ornithopod dinosaurs of the African Red Beds responded to seasonal changes in their environment by resorting to aestivation (dry season dormancy). Humans are the main predators of the caimans as they have been hunted for their meat and skin. The population and conservation status of crocodiles throughout West and Central Africa is poorly known and the IUCN Crocodile Specialist Group's highest priority recommendations are country status surveys and examination of potential threats.  Despite the long history of confusion, genetic testing has revealed that the two are not particularly close. Colotelo, Alison H. The West African crocodile desert crocodile, or sacred crocodile (Crocodylus suchus) is a species of crocodile related to – and often confused with – the larger and more aggressive Nile crocodile (C. Platt, Steven G. Annorbah, Nathaniel N.D. The West African crocodile only received wider recognition as a valid species in 2011. Nile crocodiles are absent from most of West and Central Africa, but range into the latter region in eastern and southern Democratic Republic of Congo, and along the Central African coastal Atlantic region (as far north to … Godinho, Raquel West African Crocodile Commonly confused with Nile crocodile, the West African crocodile is named by the French naturalist, Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire. Herodotus wrote that the Ancient Egyptian priests were selective when picking crocodiles. This data will help address the increasing conflicts between the species and fish farmers in the Obuasi Municipality. Observations on the African dwarf crocodile, Crocodile distribution in S.E. Nile crocodiles are absent from most of comm.).  They had an ambivalent relationship with Sobek, as they did (and do) with C. suchus; sometimes they hunted crocodiles and reviled Sobek, and sometimes they saw him as a protector and source of pharaonic power.  A study in 2015 that included sixteen captive "Nile crocodiles" in six US zoos (almost 25% of the "Nile crocodiles" in AZA zoos) found that all but one were actually West African crocodiles. SHIRLEY, MATTHEW H. When it rains, these desert crocodiles gather at gueltas. Although the species is known to occur in many West African countries, significant population has been recorded in only Tai National Park, Côte d’Ivoire (M. Shirley, pers. (2013). We are using radio telemetry to investigate the ranging behavior of the species. Ferreira, Sam M. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox. Article was last reviewed on 15th July 2019. Another major temple to Sobek is in Kom-Ombo; other temples were scattered across the country. This new species was, however, for a long time afterwards regarded as a synonym of the Nile crocodile, but a 2011 study showed that all sampled mummified crocodiles from Egypt belonged to a different species than C. niloticus, and thereby resurrected the name C. suchus. 259 – 275 . Caimans are distinguished from alligators, their closest relatives, by a few defining features: a lack of a bony septum between the nostrils, ventral armour composed of overlapping bony scutes formed from two parts united by a suture, and relatively longer, slenderer teeth than those possessed by alligators. Caimans inhabit Mexico, Central and northern South America from marshes and swamps to mangrove rivers and lakes. 2020. Forested and open habitats, burrows, and caves, wetlands, lagoons, and mangrove waters. Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. ISSN 0024–1164. Webb, Grahame Joger, Ulrich and Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection. Evidence for subdivisions from sequence and morphological data, Anatomy of a bushmeat commodity chain in Takoradi, Ghana, The crocodile pools of the Western Division, The Gambia, Biodiversity hotspots for conservation priorities, National Parks and Wildlife Service, Ministry of Tourism, Hippopotamus and Crocodile in Munyamadzi Game Management Area, Myth and Reality in the Rainforest: How Conservation Strategies are Failing in West Africa, Crocodiles: Proceedings of the Fifth Working Meeting of the Crocodile Specialist Group, Gainesville, Florida, African dwarf crocodile in the Likouala swamp forest of the Congo basin: habitat, density, and nesting, Crocodiles. , In Mauritania it has adapted to the arid desert environment of the Sahara–Sahel by staying in caves or burrows in a state of aestivation during the driest periods, leading to the alternative common name desert crocodile. 44-48. Despite this, data rarely exist on the species in most of the areas where it occurs.
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